Getting Started Guide: Setting Up Your First Svelte.js Project


Svelte.js is a modern JavaScript framework that focuses on building user interfaces. It differs from traditional frameworks like React or Vue by shifting the work to compile time, resulting in highly efficient and performant applications. In this beginner-friendly guide, we'll walk you through the process of setting up a Svelte.js project, covering installation, project structure, and basic concepts.

Why Choose Svelte.js?

Svelte.js offers several advantages, including:

  • Performance: Svelte compiles your code to highly optimized JavaScript, resulting in faster load times and better runtime performance.
  • Simplicity: With its minimalistic approach, Svelte offers a straightforward syntax and fewer concepts to learn compared to other frameworks.
  • Reactivity: Svelte provides reactive declarations out of the box, making it easy to create dynamic and interactive user interfaces.
  • Small Bundle Size: Svelte's compiler generates highly optimized code, resulting in smaller bundle sizes compared to other frameworks.

Setting Up Your Environment

Step 1: Install Node.js and npm

Before you can start working with Svelte.js, ensure you have Node.js and npm (Node Package Manager) installed on your system. You can download and install them from

Step 2: Create a New Svelte Project

Once you have Node.js and npm installed, you can create a new Svelte project using the degit tool. Open your terminal and run the following command:

npx degit sveltejs/template my-svelte-project

This command clones the Svelte template repository into a new directory named my-svelte-project.

Step 3: Navigate to Your Project Directory

Navigate to your project directory using the following command:

cd my-svelte-project

Understanding the Project Structure

After setting up your Svelte project, you'll find the following directory structure:

├── public/
│   ├── favicon.png
│   └── index.html
├── src/
│   ├── App.svelte
│   └── main.js
├── .gitignore
├── package.json
└── rollup.config.js
  • public/: This directory contains static assets such as images and the index.html file, which serves as the entry point for your Svelte application.
  • src/: This directory contains your Svelte components and the main JavaScript file responsible for bootstrapping your application.
  • .gitignore: This file specifies which files and directories should be ignored by Git.
  • package.json: This file manages your project's dependencies and scripts.
  • This file typically contains information about your project and instructions for getting started.
  • rollup.config.js: This file configures Rollup, the module bundler used by Svelte projects.

Basic Concepts in Svelte.js


In Svelte.js, everything is a component. Components are reusable building blocks that encapsulate HTML, CSS, and JavaScript functionality. You can create a new component by defining a .svelte file in the src/ directory.

Reactive Declarations

Svelte provides reactive declarations, allowing you to create reactive variables and expressions that automatically update when their dependencies change. This enables you to build dynamic and interactive user interfaces with ease.

Event Handling

Svelte allows you to handle DOM events directly in your component's markup using event handlers. You can use event modifiers to control event propagation and behavior.

Lifecycle Methods

Svelte components have lifecycle methods similar to other frameworks. These methods allow you to hook into various stages of a component's lifecycle, such as initialization, updates, and destruction.


In this guide, we've covered the basics of setting up a Svelte.js project, including installation, project structure, and fundamental concepts. Armed with this knowledge, you're ready to start building dynamic and interactive web applications with Svelte.js. Happy coding!

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